The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Paris Agreement is a historic international treaty signed on December 12, 2015, that brings together 197 countries in the pursuit of mitigating climate change. The goal of the Paris Agreement is to limit global warming to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
As of October 2021, 195 countries and the European Union have signed the Paris Agreement. The United States, one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases, re-joined the Paris Agreement in January 2021 after former President Donald Trump had withdrawn the country from the agreement in 2017. However, Nicaragua and Syria, two countries that initially refused to sign the agreement, have since joined, leaving only two countries, Iran and Turkey, as non-signatories.
Countries that have signed the Paris Agreement have pledged to set their respective targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and to regularly report progress towards achieving these targets. The Paris Agreement also calls for developed countries to provide financial support to developing countries to help them transition to a low-carbon economy and adapt to the impacts of climate change.
While the Paris Agreement has been widely hailed as a critical step towards mitigating climate change, there are concerns that the current pledges made by countries will not be sufficient to limit warming to below 2 degrees Celsius. To address this, countries are expected to increase their ambitions and set more aggressive targets in the coming years.
In conclusion, the UNFCCC Paris Agreement signatories represent a global effort to address the urgent need to mitigate climate change. While it is essential to acknowledge the progress made through this international treaty, there is still much work to be done to ensure a sustainable future. As individuals, we can all play a role in reducing our carbon footprint and promoting sustainable practices in our communities.